Action Center: U.S. Congressional Appropriations

© Rachel Santymire

The annual US Congressional Appropriations Process is the primary means by which Congress states its wildlife conservation and management priorities to the nation. Every year, Congress sets the amount of funding provided for federal agencies and a variety of wildlife research, conservation and management programs – like the State and Tribal Wildlife Grants program, the USGS Cooperative Research Units program, the National Wildlife Refuge System, and the Forest Service Forest and Rangeland Research program.

In preparation for this process, The Wildlife Society engages each year with the House and Senate Appropriations subcommittees charged with setting funding for wildlife programs.

Wildlifers can use the form to the right to engage the appropriations process by writing to their members of Congress about federal funding that is important to them as a wildlife professional. The form provides some suggested language and program requests – please adapt it to include additional context and insights on how particular federal wildlife funding is important to your district, your state, and you as a professional. Remember that the goal of your input is to put a face to the program, and to educate the policy maker on the impacts of the program on their state’s public trust wildlife resources. Be informative and sincere in your approach, and do not be afraid to provide personal anecdotes.

As a wildlife professional, you are the expert on how federal funding and policies impact everyday practices. Your on-the-ground information provides valuable context to legislators making decisions on wildlife management and conservation funding.

For more information on current FY2022 Appropriations discussions, visit:

U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies

U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture

Proposed FY 2022 Budget Proposal for the U.S. Department of the Interior

Proposed FY 2022 Budget Proposal for the U.S. Department of Agriculture

See below for a summary of recommendations provided to Congress by TWS:


Program House Passed Funding Level for FY 2022 TWS Requested Funding Level for FY 2022 Administration Requested Funding Level for FY 2022 Enacted Funding Level for FY 2021  

Program Description

USGS Climate Adaptation Science Centers (CASCs) $82.0 M $60.0 M $84.4 M $41.3 M CASCs respond to regional wildlife, ecosystems, and community-based stakeholder needs in the face of a changing climate. They also support students and early-career wildlife professionals with fellowships and training programs.
USGS Cooperative Research Units (CRUs) $27.5 M $27.0 M $25.5 M $25.0 M CRUs housed at public Universities provide fish and wildlife research and technical assistance tailored to the needs of natural resource managers in the field. They also help educate the next generation of wildlife professionals.
USFWS State & Tribal Wildlife Grants $82.4 M $100.0 M $82.4 M $72.4 M This grant program provides funds for states and tribes to conserve at-risk species before they reach the point of endangerment. Though it has proven effective, it is chronically underfunded by Congress.
USFWS National Wildlife Refuge System – Operations and Maintenance $582.0 M $600.0 M $584.4 M $503.9 M The Refuge System is the largest and most diverse network of conservation lands in the world and has a mission to protect, manage, and, where appropriate, restore native species and habitat.
USFWS Ecological Services $315.2 M $298.0 M $332.1 M $269.7 M Ecological Services administers the Endangered Species Act, working with diverse public and private partners to help identify species facing extinction and reduce threats to their populations in order to move them effectively through all steps of the listing process.
USFWS Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act (NMBCA) $6.5 M $6.5 M $7.9 M $4.9 M NMBCA is a grant program that supports migratory bird conservation by funding population and habitat conservation projects across the Western Hemisphere.
USFWS Migratory Bird Joint Ventures (MBJVs) $18.8 M $25.0 M $17.6 M $15.1 M MBJVs are locally-directed partnerships that develop and implement science-based habitat conservation strategies for all species of birds across North America.
USFWS Partners for Fish and Wildlife $64.7 M $60.0 M $65.2 M $59.6 M This program allows voluntary habitat restoration goals, aligned with identified strategic priorities, on private lands to be achieved through cost-efficient financial and technical assistance.
BLM Wildlife & Aquatic Management $232.7 M $193.0 M $236.97 M $188.5 M Wildlife and Aquatic Management maintains and restores fish and wildlife, including endangered species, and their habitat across BLM lands.
USFS Research and Development $363.8 M $330.0 M $313.6 M $258.8 M This program provides critical scientific research, including on fish and wildlife, to inform management of national forests and grasslands.
USDA – APHIS Wildlife Services: Wildlife Damage Management $113.0 M $114.0 M $113.0 M $111.6 M Wildlife Services provides front-line assistance to stakeholders to resolve human-wildlife conflict and protect both natural and man-made resources.
USDA – APHIS Wildlife Services: Methods Development $24.0 M $24.0 M $24.0 M $21.0 M Methods Development supports the National Wildlife Research Center, which provides Wildlife Services with the tools needed to prevent human-wildlife conflict.
USDA – NIFA: Renewable Resources Extension Act (RREA) $4.0 M $10.0 M $4.0 M $4.1 M RREA provides funding for extension activities related to forestry and natural resources at land-grant universities.
USDA – NIFA: McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry $46.0 M $41.0 M $46.0 M $36.0 M McIntire-Stennis Cooperative Forestry provides funds for long-term private lands research at public and land grant universities.
USDA – NRCS: Private Lands Conservation Operations $886.0 M $890.0 M $886.0 M $832.7 M Through Farm Bill Title II Conservation Programs, NRCS provides technical assistance to landowners to advance resource conservation on private lands.
*No-year funding

For more information, check out The Wildlife Society’s FY 2022 appropriations testimony to the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies and the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies. You can learn more about The Wildlife Society’s past funding requests by visiting TWS’ policy library.